Orphan Control is a feature that lets you adjust how paragraphs behave when they are split in-between page breaks. More specifically it prevents a paragraph from placing its last few lines on the next page which will cause some discontinuity when the paragraph is read.
Orphan control does this by specifying the number of lines allowed before the page break. If the number of lines is less than the amount specified, then the whole paragraph is automatically moved to the next page for the paragraph to be together.
This feature is useful in composing documents, since it will make pages look complete, preventing that odd looking orphaned line at the end of a page.
Using Orphan Control
The following screencasts demonstrate how to adjust paragraph orphan controls:
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